A lethal dose (LD) is an indication of the lethalityof a given substance or type of radiation. Because resistance varies from one individual to another, the 'lethal dose' represents a dose (usually recorded as dose per kilogram of subject body weight) at which a given percentage of subjects will die.
The most commonly-used lethality indicator is the LD50(or LD50), a dose at which 50% of subjects will die. LD measurements are often used to describe the power of venoms in animals such as snakes.
Animal-based LD measurements are a commonly-used technique in drug research, although many researchers are now shifting away from such methods.
LD figures depend not only on the species of animal, but also on the mode of administration. For instance, a toxicsubstance inhaled or injected into the bloodstream may require a much smaller dosage than if the same substance is swallowed.
Categories: Medicine stubs| Medical emergencies| Toxicology
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It uses material from the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lethal+dose Wikipedia article Lethal dose.