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Biological psychiatry

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Biological psychiatry, sometimes referred to as bio-psychiatry, is a term used mainly by critics of mainstream mental healthpractice to describe what opponents of psychiatry believe are unproven and subjective diagnostic and treatment practices in modern psychiatry. References to biologicalpsychiatry are used specifically by critics to denote the biological model of mental health, which they believe places undue emphasis upon biological theories and psychiatric drugtreatment, rather than objective diagnosis of medical pathologies and psychologicalcounseling.

Inhaltsverzeichnis

  • 1 Biological psychiatry marketing
  • 2 Criticism
  • 3 See also
  • 4 External links

Biological psychiatry marketing

Two of the most lucrative markets for psychotropicdrugs are based on biological theories of mental illness, namely the dopaminetheory of schizophreniaand the serotonin-norepinephrinetheory of depression, according to many critics. Much the same can be said about the markets for ADHDdrugs, which have expanded rapidly in many Western nations on the strength of marketingcampaigns that generally utilize biological psychiatry theories as a basic selling point. Although not a scientific theory, per se, such biologically based hypotheses for the cause of mental illnessare also referred to collectively as the chemical imbalance theory.

Criticism

Much of the criticism attributed to biological psychiatry centers on the fact objectively defined pathological conditions have been found for only a select few mental illnesses, such as Alzheimer's. And even in the case of these exceptions, critics point out, the underlying pathology that triggers the mental illness still has not been adequately explained.

Criticisms of mental health marketing practices and pharmaceuticaltreatments have seemingly had little impact on the growing solidarity between the pharmaceutical industry and the mental healthprofessions. Instead, the influence of 'biological psychiatry' appears to actually be strengthening, as evidenced by the growing political and economic clout of the industry.

Dr. Peter Breggin, a leading critic of biological psychiatry, has written several books in which he attempts to demonstrate the brain-damaging effects of "anti-psychotic medication," and the generally iatrogeniceffects of subjecting children and adolescents to psychiatric drugs.

Biological Psychiatryis also the name of a scientific journal

See also

  • Anti-psychiatry
  • Bruce Levine
  • David Healy
  • Douglas C. Smith
  • Elliott Valenstein
  • Evidence-based medicine
  • Medical algorithm
  • New Freedom Commission on Mental Health
  • Sally Satel
  • Texas Medication Algorithm Project

External links

  • ADHD-Report.com- 'Letter of Resignation from the American Psychiatric Association', Loren R. Mosher, MD, (APA president, December 4, 1998)
  • AntiPsychiatry.org- 'The Antipsychiatry Coalition'
  • BioPsychiatry.com- 'The Responsible parent's Guide to Healthy Mood-Boosters for All the Family'
  • Breggin.com- 'Psychiatric Drug Facts', Peter R. Breggin, MD (Breggin's home page)
  • NewMediaExplorer.org- 'Washington "under the Pharma Lilly"', Sepp Hasslberger (September 10, 2003)
  • NewMediaExplorer.org- 'FDA Covers Up Report - Mosholder: 'Antidepressants Double Suicides in Children', Sepp Hasslberger (August 12, 2004)ru:????????????? ??????????
Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/Biological_psychiatry"



This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biological+psychiatry Wikipedia article Biological psychiatry.

 
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