Benjamin Musaphia (also called Benjamin ben Immanuel Musaphia or Mussafia and Dionysius), Jewish doctor, scholar and kabbalist, was born around 1606, probably in Spain, and died in Amsterdam, The Netherlandsin 1675.
Musaphia married Sara Abigail da Silva, daughter of Semuel da Silva, in 1628. Their sons and grandsons joined the court of the Gottorps, and a daughter was married to Gabriel Milan, who would later be appointed governor of the Danish West-Indies (now U.S. Virgin Islands). Around this time, Musaphia graduated from the Paduamedical school, which was regarded as the best of its kind at the time.
After Sara's death on August 7, 1634, Musaphia dedicated Zekher Rav, an adaptation of the story of Creationin which all Hebrewroots are used exactly once, to her. It was first published in Amsterdam in 1635, and a second edition with a Latintranslation was published in Hamburgin 1638.
Another work was published in 1640, namely Sacro-Medicæ Sententiæ ex Bibliis, a medical treatise containing about 800 sentences on medicine. It contained a section on alchemythat created some stirring at the time. Musaphia also dedicated a work on ebb and flow to Christian IV of Denmarkin 1642.
In 1646, while living in Glückstadt, Holstein, Musaphia was appointed royal physician to the Danish court by Christian IV.
Around 1648, probably in connection with the death of Christian IV, Musaphia went to Amsterdam and joined the college of rabbis. In 1655, he published an extended version of Nathan ben JehielsTalmudicdictionary Aruk (ca. 1100), titled Musaf he-'Aruk, detailing many Jewish customs. The preface states that he had been collecting this information since a young boy. Musaphia was also working on a revised version of the Talmud, which was nevertheless never published, and the manuscripts have since been lost.
In the mid-1660s, Musaphia was caught up in the Sabbatian movement, which proclaimed that Sabbatai Zeviwas the new Messiah, and that the apocalypse was near.
- Jewish Encyclopedia: MUSSAFIA (MUSAPHIA), BENJAMIN BEN IMMANUEL
- The medical school of Padua and its Jewish graduates
- Zecher Rav
- H. C. Terslin, Guvernør over Dansk Vestindien Gabriel Milan og hans Efterkommere (Helsingør, 1926)
- Hauch-Fausbøll, Jødernes Færden og Ophold i den Danske State i 17. Aarh. (Tidsskrift for Jødisk Historie og Literratur II)
- Kayserling, Jødernes Historie
- J. Margolinsky, Benjamin Musaphia (Tidsskrift for Jødisk Historie og Literratur III)
Categories: 1675 deaths| Physicians
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benjamin+Musaphia Wikipedia article Benjamin Musaphia.