Iridocyclitis, a type of anterior uveitis, is a condition in which the uveaof the eyesuffers inflammation.
- 1 Symptoms
- 2 Causes
- 3 Types
- 4 Treatment
- 5 See also
- watering of the eyes
- miosis, constriction of the pupil
- blurred vision
Iridocyclitis is usually caused by direct exposure of the eyes to chemicals, particularly lacrimators.
There are six classifications of iridocyclitis.
- Acute: sudden symptomatic onset, lasting no more than six weeks.
- Chronic: Persisting for more than six weeks, possibly asymptomatic. Chronic iridocyclitis is usually associated with systemic disorders including ankylosing spondylitis, Behçet's syndrome, inflammatory bowel disease, juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, Reiter's syndrome, sarcoidosis, syphilis, tuberculosis, and Lyme disease.
- Exogenous: related to external damage to the uvea or invasion of external microbes.
- Endogenous: related to internal microbes.
- Granulomatous: accompanied by large keratoticprecipitates.
- Non-granulomatous: accompanied by smaller keratotic precipitates.
It can be effectively treated with tropanealkaloids or steroids.
To immobilize the irisand decrease pain, one may find tropane alkaloids effective, particularly scopolamineand atropinein .25% and 1% concentrations respectively. Topical steroids may be used to decrease inflammation, particularly prednisoloneand dexamethasone.
Categories: Ophthalmology| Diseases
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iridocyclitis Wikipedia article Iridocyclitis.