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Malnutrition is a general term for the medical condition in a person caused by an unbalanced diet—either too little or too much food, or a diet missing one or more important nutrients.
Most commonly, malnourished people either do not have enough caloriesin their diet, or are eating a diet that lacks protein, vitamins, or trace minerals. Medical problems arising from malnutrition are commonly referred to as deficiency diseases. Scurvyis a well-known and now rare form of malnutrition, in which the victim lacks vitamin C.
Common forms of malnutrition include protein-energy malnutrition(PEM) and micronutrient malnutrition. PEM refers to inadequate availability or absorptionof energyand proteinsin the body. Micronutrientmalnutrition refers to inadequate availability of some essential nutrients such as vitaminsand trace elementsthat are required by the body in small quantities. Micronutrient deficiencies lead to a variety of diseases and impair normal functioning of the body. Deficiency in micronutrients such as Vitamin A reduces the capacity of the body to resist diseases. Deficiency in iron, iodineand vitamin Ais widely prevalent and represent major a public healthchallenge. An array of afflictions ranging from stunted growth, reduced intelligence and various cognitive abilities, reduced sociability, reduced leadership and assertiveness, reduced activity and energy, reduced muscle growth and strength, and poorer health overall are directly implicated to nutrient deficiencies.
- Extreme poverty
- Illnesses related to poor nutrition
- Reports on World Nutrition SituationThe annual reports prepared by UN Standing Committee on Nutrition contain detailed information on common challenges, extent of malnutrition, efforts being taken to address them, and a wealth of other useful information.da:Fejlernæring
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It uses material from the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malnutrition Wikipedia article Malnutrition.