Soft tissue injury
Soft tissue injury is damage of the soft tissueof the body.
These types of injuries are a major source of painand disability.
The four fundamental tissues that are affected are the epithelial, muscular, nervousand connectivetissues.
Soft tissue injuries include sprains, strains, subluxation, repetitive stress injury, carpal tunnel syndrome, etc.
The first step in managing soft tissue injuries is to obtain a good medical historyand perform a thorough physical examination.
X-rayinvestigation can be used to assess the possibility of fractureor dislocation.
Nerve conduction studiesmay also be used to localize nervedysfunction (e.g., carpal tunnel syndrome), assess severity, and help with prognosis.
Electrodiagnosis also helps differentiate between myopathyand neuropathy.
Ultimately, the best method of imaging soft tissue is magnetic resonance imaging(MRI), though it is cost-prohibitive and carries a high false positiverate.
Management of soft tissue injuries consists of protecting the injured tissue; resting it with splints, braces, or tape; ice; compression; and elevation.
An easy mnemonicfor remembering these steps is PRICE – Protection, Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation.
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soft+tissue+injury Wikipedia article Soft tissue injury.