From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
WAGR syndrome is a rare genetic syndrome in which affected children are predisposed to develop Wilms tumor (a tumor of the kidneys), Aniridia (absence of the colored part of the eye, the iris), Genitourinary anomalies, and mental Retardation. The G is sometimes instead given as "gonadoblastoma," since the genitourinary anomalies are tumors of the gonads (testes or ovaries).
Synonyms WAGR complex, Wilms tumor-aniridia syndrome, aniridia-Wilms tumor syndrome.
History WAGR syndrome was first described by Miller et al.Deletion Chromosome 11p13
Pathophysiology WAGR syndrome is caused by a mutation on chromosome 11 in the 11p13 region. Specifically, several genes in this area are deleted, including the PAX6 ocular development gene and the Wilms' tumor gene (WT1). Abnormalities in WT1 may also cause genitourinary anomalies. Mutations in the PAX6 gene have recently been shown to not only cause ocular abnormalities, but also problems in the brain and pancreas.
Clinical features and diagnosis Newborn children with WAGR syndrome are soon noted to have aniridia.
The clinical suspicion for WAGR may be increased with the presence of other genital anomalies. It must be noted that genitourinary anomalies are not always present, particularly in girls. In older children, clinical diagnosis of the syndrome can be made when aniridia and one of the other features are present. It must be noted that while aniridia is rarely absent in WAGR syndrome, cases have been reported without it. Chromosomal analysis is necessary for definitive diagnosis. Other common eye defects include cataracts and ptosis. About 50% of patients develop Wilms' tumor.
This article is based on an article from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia and is available under the terms of GNU Free Documentation License.
In the Wikipedia there is a list with all authors of this article available.