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:For the medical term, see fainting. For other uses, see syncope (disambiguation) In phonetics, syncope (Greek syn- + kopein “to strike”) is the loss of one or more sounds from the interior of a word; especially, the loss of an unstressed vowel.
Syncope as a historical sound change In historical phonetics, the term "syncope" is often but not always limited to the loss of an unstressed vowel:
The loss of any sound
The loss of an unstressed vowel
Syncope as a poetic device Sounds may be removed from the interior of a word may be as a rhetoric or poetic device, whether for embellishment or for the sake of the meter.
Syncope in informal speech Various sorts of colloquial reductions might be called "syncope". Forms such as "didn't" that are written with an apostrophe are, however, generally called contractions:
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