Medical specialty

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A medical specialty is any one of the non-surgical branches of medical science, other than general practice. A physician engaging in a medical speciality is a medical specialist.


The mean annual salary of a medical specialist is $175,011 in the US, and $272,000 -Physician income not rising as faast as other professional pay for surgeons. As a comparison, the mean monthly salary for medical specialists in Sweden is $6.217 LÄKARE - Utbildning och arbetsmarknad - Sveriges läkarförbund (Swedish physician association, i.e. ~$56.000 annualy or about a third of the US salary.

Specialties by country


In the United States, there are currently 25 certified specialties with the numerous sub-specialties. The American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS); the American Osteopathic Association Board of Specialists (AOABS) and the American Board of Physician Specialists (ABPS) are the three entities that oversee certification.


There are three agencies or organizations in the United States which collectively oversee physician board certification of allopathic and osteopathic physicians in the 26 approved medical specialties recognized in the United States. These organizations are the American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS) and the American Medical Association; the American Osteopathic Association Bureau of Osteopathic Specialists (AOABS) and the American Osteopathic Association; the American Board of Physician Specialties (ABPS) and the American Association of Physician Specialists. Each of these agencies and their associated national medical organization functions as an umbrella for its various specialty academies, colleges and societies:
All boards of certification now require that physicians demonstrate, by examination, continuing mastery of the core knowledge and skills for their chosen specialty. Recertification varies by specialty between every 7 and every 10 years.

Medical specialties

In this table, medical specialities are organized into the following groups:
  • Surgical specialities - the use of manually operative and instrumental techniques to treat disorders.
  • Internal medicine - concerns the diagnosis and nonsurgical treatment of diseases in adults, especially of internal organs.
  • Diagnostic specialties, rather examines disorders etc. than directly attempts to cure.
  • Neurology - focuses on the diagnosis, treatment, and management of patients with neurological disorders.
  • Other uses

    In the U.S. Army, the term "medical specialist" refers to occupational therapists, physical therapists, dietitians and physician assistants, also known as allied health professionals.

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