From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Kunstkammer or Kunstkamera was the first museum in Russia. It was established by Peter the Great on the Neva Riverfront facing the Winter Palace. The turreted Petrine Baroque building of the Kunstkamera was completed by 1727.Peter's museum was dedicated to preserving "natural and human curiosities and rarities". The tsar's personal collection, originally stored in the Summer Palace, features a large assortment of human and animal fetuses with anatomical deficiencies, which Peter bought from the Dutch anatomist Frederick Ruysch and pharmacologist Albertus Seba. Some of the most gruesome exhibits are the heads of Catherine I's lover Willem Mons and his sister Anna Mons, still preserved in alcohol. In 1716 Peter established the mineral cabinet of Kunstkamera, depositing there a collection of 1195 minerals which he had bought from Gotvald, a Danzig (Gdańsk) doctor. The collection was enriched with Russian minerals and opened for public view in 1719. It was a predecessor of the Fersman Mineralogical Museum, now based in Moscow.In the 1830s, the Kunstkamera collections were dispersed to newly established imperial museums, the most important being the Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography, established in 1879, with a collection approaching 2,000,000 items. The museum is still housed in the Kunstkamera and bears the name of Peter the Great since 1903.
This article is based on an article from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia and is available under the terms of GNU Free Documentation License.
In the Wikipedia there is a list with all authors of this article available.