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ICD9 = | ICDO = | OMIM = | MedlinePlus = | eMedicineSubj = med | eMedicineTopic = 2860 | eMedicine_mult = | MeshID = |Horseshoe kidney (also known as renal fusion) is a congenital disorder, affecting about 1 in 400 people, in which a person's two kidneys fuse together to form a horseshoe-shape during development in the womb.
Presentation The central portion of the kidney ends up inferior to the inferior mesenteric artery, since its embryological ascent is arrested by its presence. This is the most common type of fusion anomaly in the kidneys. Persons affected by this disease may experience nausea, abdominal discomfort, kidney stones and urinary tract infections. There is not an existing cure for renal fusion.
Associated conditions The presence of horseshoe kidneys in females with Turner Syndrome is about 15%.
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