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Goitrogens are substances that suppress the function of the thyroid gland by interfering with iodine uptake which can, as a result, cause an enlargement of the thyroid, i.e. a goitre.
Goitrogenic drugs Chemicals that have been shown to have goitrogenic effects include:
Goitrogenic foods Certain foods have been identified as goitrogenic. These foods include:
Foods stimulating thyroid tissue Some foods and drinks have an opposite effect on the thyroid gland--that is, they stimulate thyroid function rather than suppressing it; examples being avocado, coconut,
Thyroid hyperplasia has been demonstrated in mice:
and saturated fat. Indeed some studies on rats suggest that excess caffeine in conjunction with a lack of iodine may promote the formation of thyroid cancers. Despite being generally a stimulant, caffeine (examples: coffee, tea, cola, chocolate) acts on thyroid function as a suppressant.
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